Appropriate use of antibiotics and compliance with infection prevention and control measures should be integral to good clinical practice and standards of care. However both infection prevention and control measures and appropriate antibiotic prescribing practice across the surgical pathway are often inadequate and a great gap exists between the best evidence and clinical practice.
In hospitals, cultural, contextual, and behavioral determinants influence clinical practice. Improving behavior in infection prevention and control and antibiotics prescribing practices remains a challenge. Despite evidence supporting the effectiveness of best practice, many surgeons fail to implement them.